The Ugly Mask of Fascism in Ukraine 2: Letter From a Russian Liberal

Please read this in conjunction with:

Thank you, Paul Plane of The Plane Truth show, for providing the letter in question! See my interviews with The Plane Truth.


An interesting letter from a Russian liberal activist to another after a trip to the Ukraine. Russia could stay out and do nothing, yet this still has catastrophe written all over it. The Russian liberals hate Putin, of course, and want to like Kiev, but the letter talks about what is reality in Odessa and Kiev. It might take till 2016 or 2017 for the flame of hatred to burn out. It seems really strong, again, even if foreign countries did nothing. For one thing, there is the issue of revenge for losing in WWII to the Russians.

Lada Ray

Liberals are just not very smart (but they think they are) and they still run on their old grudge against USSR, while thinking the West is awesome. Why not, that’s where they get all their grants. But not all of them are evil, some are just slow, and still living in 20th century. These will come around.

From Lada:

Below is a letter from a Russian liberal, anti-Putin, pro-West, etc., etc. … He goes to Ukraine and discovers for himself the truth about Ukraine fascism, which apparently turns his entire world upside down. I just can’t stop being amazed at the pseudo-intelligence of the pro-Western neoliberals. No wonder there is such mess in people’s heads everywhere. Neoliberals are those who often control the public opinion in their respective countries; they usually are in the media and in other communications professions, go for elected offices, into law, etc. And they are that blind? The author of this letter is Russian, he is right there, and without a trip he didn’t get what was really happening in Ukraine?

I imagine his fellow liberals are much worse, as at least after a trip, this one saw the light. That said, this is a very telling testimonial as it comes from the most unlikely source!

My readers may not be familiar with the Russian political scene, so let me put this in perspective. Russian liberals are very unpopular (in recent elections something like 1.2% of the electorate supported them) and they continue losing their popularity as more and more people discover their adverse role in the ’90s free-for-all privatization and their advocacy of the predatory ‘capitalism.’ Russians also don’t take kindly to the fact that Russia’s (this concerns all of post-Soviet space) liberals are financed by Western NGO grants, and the fact that their stated goal is to unseat Putin, whose approval rating is very high, around 87-90% – in fact, the highest of any world leader.

Again, not all liberals are the same, but en masse, this is their simplified MO in a nutshell. Some really do think they are Russian patriots, except they don’t like anything or anyone in Russia, being critical of everything around them. Others are openly hateful and don’t even hide that they want to appeal to Western audiences, their goal being the overturn of the present government. Some are more reasonable and some are much worse than I’ve described here. The point is: they are in harsh opposition to the present-day Russia. Before, they could pretend that they were people’s advocates, criticizing mistakes, corruption, shortcoming of the officials, which made some think they were sincere. With the advent of the Ukraine crisis, their siding with the Kiev junta and against the Russian government, including promotion in liberal Russian media (such as Echo Moskvi) of the idea that Russia invaded Ukraine and their support of ukro-nazis, showed their true colors, which didn’t earn them any supporters.

Prediction: liberal influence in Russia will continue waning. That said, a certain amount of dissent is good and necessary in any healthy society. Compare this with Ukraine fascism, where any dissent gets dealt with via bombings, kidnappings and destruction.

To answer Paul’s question: How bad is it in Ukraine? Refer to my Predictions on top bar. I said before that Ukraine will change between 2016 and 2018. Right now, it’s bad and getting worse, as far as fascism goes. Unfortunately, cancer has been allowed to metastasize into all organs of Ukraine’s body. But it’s also correctable. However, this generation of ukro-nazi deadbeats is disturbingly, shockingly cruel and dangerous. That said, these, just like any cowards, are brave only when they have a huge gang around them and when they have to fight with unarmed, peaceful, older people, such as the one on the video in The Ugly Mask of Fascism in Ukraine 1: Urge to Destroy. They are good at bombing civilians in Donbass as well. In other words, true dregs of society.

Unfortunately, during the past 23 years of ‘independence,’ too many such young dregs grew up in Ukraine. Thanks to Soros-sponsored re-written history books, Ukro-MSM hatred propaganda and US/EU (including in large part Poland and Lithuania) supporting the worst of fascism in Ukraine, it has gone out of hand. I hinted on this before and I’ll say it again: eventually, these ukro-nazis will be pushed out of Ukraine and they will move to Europe, and possibly to the N. American continent. The West will have to deal with the monster they created.

This can be finished quite easily and right now: all the US and EU have to do is withdraw support of the Kiev junta and start HELPING to truly investigate all the war crimes and crimes against humanity committed every day in Ukraine! Most of these young ukro-nazi deadbeats will dissolve by themselves once they know their crimes will not go unpunished. However, as we have established so many times previously, the West’s goal instead is to do everything to continue destabilizing Ukraine and to continue enabling crimes against humanity by imparting a feeling of the all-permissiveness on the ukro-nazis.

This is exactly how US and Britain brought Hitler to power. They supported, financed and appeased him – until the monster was created. The rest is history…

The goal of bringing Hitler to power in Germany was to destroy the Soviet Union by his hand. The goal of WWI was to destroy the Russian Empire. The goal of bringing to power this new crop of Ukraine fascists is to destabilize the Russian Federation with the ultimate goal of splitting it up and destroying. Ideology matters not – forget the 20th century ideology. The goal has always been to do away with Russia in any guise. My future Earth Shift Reports will cover this in more depth. Read more in Predictions and other posts on this blog, as well as Interviews.


A letter from one Russian liberal opposition activist (Alexey Sakhnin) to another (Alexey Gaskarov), who was arrested for inciting violence and causing harm to police officers during the riots of May 6, 2012 in Moscow, regarding his trip to Ukraine:

“..I asked him, “you have half the city of people who disagree, how will you live with them?” And he says to me, verbatim: “for them, we have a compromise. They sit quietly at home. If they want to talk about the “junta”, they can say a whisper to the toilet bowl. If they go out on the streets, we will start shooting ”

“Alex, hello, buddy. You know, ever since I got your last letter, I took a trip to Ukraine. Spent there 9 days. And now I have a lot of live experience about how things are arranged over there. I’ll try to tell it without superfluous emotions, though it is difficult.

First, perhaps, Putin’s propaganda in the fight with Ukraine is self-defeating. It is so discredited that many believe the opposite is true. Of course, this does not prevent it from creating an atmosphere of hysteria among the majority, but many activists both in Russia and in Ukraine and in the West perceive it exactly like you: “The truth is exactly the opposite.” Unfortunately, this is not the right approach.

Secondly, you know, the propaganda in Ukraine is even worse. After many years, when the country had relative pluralism, watching what is happening now is very bizzare. Well it is clear – all channels, newspapers and websites inciting a wild national patriotic hysteria. Well, let’s say it is a side effect of war. But what about facts? We visited the editorial office of one of the most moderate websites. The type of people from Lugansk working in Kiev, some former leftists out there involved. They claim to be against torture, kidnappings and so on. But on the wall hangs a large poster on which are written the aims and principles of editorial policy. The first among them “to create a conducive atmosphere for ATO ” (anti-terrorist operation). That means – fueling the war. Accordingly, the facts are selected for publication. All that is conducive for the “atmosphere” — is published without validation. Everything else is simply not published. Forget about the TV box. NTV and Lifenews could learn from them.

Well, propaganda is a military tool. Now about the occupation. I was not in the zone of ATO. Whether Russian troops are there, I don’t know. We were deep in the homefront. In Kiev, Odessa, Kharkov. Alex, I swear to you, what’s happening over there is a civil war. Without any intervention. The internal war. The worst — in Odessa.

7 out of 10 ‘ordinary people’, i.e., taxi drivers, pensioners who rent rooms for visitors, waitresses, passengers of public transport repeat the passwords: ‘junta’, ‘fascists’. I dont have any stats, and in this situation it would be impossible, but it feels like its a majority in the city. And you would not imagine the degree of tension. Typical words of one taxi driver: “We’re just looking forward to when it will be possible to take revenge.”

And, on the other hand, I gets more interesting. We were interviewing the Right Sector (I went there as a Swedish journalist). They are 18-year-old slacker enthusiasts. A complete copy of those who came to the LF in the 2011-2012. The same naive and inexperienced romantics. But they are reading not Kagarlitsky, but Yarosh. And their heroes are Mussolini and Franco. They say “those who don’t like the new Ukraine — suitcase, train station, Russia”. This is a no nonsense fascist organization, which is supplied with green youth in abundance. But it’s not the worst. The worst thing is the moderates.

I’m not saying names, but I have all the interviews. Picture this: a nice office in the centre of the city. At the gates is an armored car. In the courtyard – a bunch of meatheads with machine guns. And the map of Ukraine. They are the ‘community activists’. Collecting money from businesses for patriotic purposes [racketeering]. They have a great system. Enough money and ammunition and their own territorial defence battalion and a bunch of armed guys on call. Think about it — they’re nobody, they have no official status. But they have real power: money, weapons, organization. And no official authority can do anything against them. They are the moderates. “We hate Ukrainian nationalists, they are provocateurs.” But I asked them, “you have half the city of people who disagree, how will you live with them? And he says to me, verbatim: “For them we have a compromise. They sit quietly at home. If they want to talk about the ‘junta’, they say a whisper to the toilet bowl. If they go out on the streets, we will start shooting “.

You know, Alex, but it is real fascism. Without the clowns with swatsikas. And Odessa and other cities have sworms of these guys.

And the capacity of civil dialogue is limited to this: “We’ll shoot.” And they have weapons, money, organization. And it’s not empty threats. They already shot. In broad daylight.

A journalist there told me that about Anti-maidan in Odessa. A crowd of people, of whom 10% really pro-Russian. The remaining – against Maidan, but not against Ukraine. Leaders of the Antimaidan were afraid of drastic measures, were against the seizure of buildings, etc. This journalist said “the authorities were so lucky to have this ‘opposition’ “. But instead they arranged May 2. And May 2 was prepared in advance. Probably no one had planned for such victims, but dispersing the opposition camp was ordered from above in a carefully prepared operation. And this is not Putin’s propaganda.

Now about the crackdown. 78 people in prisons in Odessa are ‘political’. Only in Crimea – about 30 active political immigrants. And repression continues. The guy who we interviewed from former Anti-maidan was arrested 12 hours after we talked. He arrived in the old “Five” (Rusian car Zhiguli), sitting in cafe, scolding the junta, feared nothing. Then drove us to look at the painted with swatsikas statue of Lenin. Then we got into the Kharkiv train, as he drove home. At night he was taken. Arrested by the nazis. The same ones who beat him on May 2. Again beaten with iron rods. Planted with explosives. Now charged with terrorism. From 8 to 15 years. And this is not Putin’s propaganda. This I saw with my own eyes. I was talking with his girlfriend on the phone, trying to calm her down …

I checked on Yandex. Yes, Kharkiv Governor in July stated officially that in Kharkov area for April-June were arrested 314 “separatists”. Just an ordinary news, already outdated. Alex, I understand that from the Russian TV you would like to think that all is exactly the opposite, but it’s true. Heck, it’s just kind of an overwhelming chilling truth.

What about people with Ukrainian flags in Mariupol, you wrote … I don’t know, maybe there are these people in Mariupol. Or maybe it’s the National Guard mobilizing them with assault rifles. Or Akhmetov. I was on the train travelling from Kharkiv with a family from Donbass. The train was going from Yasinovataya, which is closest to Donetsk station. They are afraid to talk. But I pulled some info out of them. They say that the army was shelling each day with artillery and missiles on residential quarters (the gift of that truce). Young guy, says, “Well, I am Ukrainian. But now decided that Ukraine for me does not exist.” Its harsh, Lesha. Scary to ask questions. The people saw things that make you want to cry.

But in Kiev, there’s a patriotic consensus. There, every third is sporting a vishivanka or a t-shirt “death vorogam” (death to enemies). On each wall: “Ukraine above all”, and even drunks who argue for taxi shout “Glory to Ukraine. ” There exactly the national consciousness is ‘in order’. And at the same time all pubs, discos and clubs are open. The horror is less evident.

In short, summarizing, Ukraine remains divided. This is most definitely, no Russian propaganda. At least, the South-East. The intensity is such that any outbreak will lead to civil war everywhere. Without Russian intervention. And it’s excluding the contradictions between the various flanks in the camp of the ‘winners’. Secondly, by its brutality and idiocy Ukrainian regime will give Kremlin a run for its money. For falsity of propaganda, intolerance, repressions. For nationalist populism. This is a very weak regime, which loosely controls its territory, but is torn apart by conflict. But its scary to think what will happen if it gets stonger. And third, the most terrible thing is that the mass movement does not oppose the violence, lawlessness, nationalism, but intensifies it. It’s not calling for greater democracy and pluralism, and negates the social agenda to the nationalistic hysteria. A mass movement under the influence of radicals and those for whom war has become a business. Because of their passivity and lack of experience it is almost completely controlled by the darkest force imaginable. That’s exactly what we have rescued the Russian movement from, retaining its democratic capacity (and at the same time deprived it of support of oligarchs and doomed to be defeated), all the worst that happened to the Ukrainian movement.

This is a grim picture. It turned out to be much worse and intense than I imagined. I don’t know what’s going on in the ‘People’s Republics’. Admit that there might be some things questionable, too. But about the situation in Ukraine, I no longer have any illusions.

That on Russia and the Russian society the whole story with Ukraine has reflected pitifully, I agree. And that propaganda plays its part too. And what to do about it – is not fully clear. But here’s my take on the anti-war campaign. Our liberals seem to do everything to turn this into a failure. Waving flags of the Right Sector. Or prohibit to criticize Kiev regime. In the end, they just turn from supporters of peace to supporters of victory of one of the parties. And therefore very few people will join them. And certainly the credibility of the opposition will not grow.

On the other hand, you know, if you believe Levada, since March the number of people who support the idea of putting troops in Ukraine declined by half. That is propaganda hysterics lost effectiveness. But instead of talking to people about the truth, part of which is absolutely freezer-burn nature of Ukrainian regime, our Liberals fully side with Kiev, reducing the ‘peace movement’ to their eternal mantra about this country.

It seems to me that we must not yield to the temptation “to make friends with all the enemies of our enemies.” We can not take any of the so-called ‘pro-Ukrainian’ position. In fact, it is not a pro-Ukrainian, it’s a pro-fascist position. I think that no matter how difficult, but we have to be a ‘third force’. I understand that for you it is still much harder than me. But I can not be quiet about this)

I wish you as always, courage and mental strength. Write how things are going with your appeal. Is there any hope? What do the lawyers say? Can I help?

In general, hold on!

Alexey Sakhnin
September 18, 2014

Translated by Kristina Rus

More correspondence between Russian political prisoners:


P.S. I’ll take a few days off, but I’ll continue approving and replying to comments.

About Lada Ray

Lada Ray is the creator of the EARTH SHIFT AND GREAT REBALANCING TEACHING, AS WELL AS QUANTUM CALIBRATIONS & MULTIDIMENSIONAL TEACHINGS! Author of several books, multiple Webinars, Quantum Reports, and more! ** Lada has extensively written and spoken on global events, world cultures, geopolitics, empire collapse, feng shui and higher consciousness. She is world-renowned for her accurate predictions, which are currently materializing one by one! ** The world is going through a massive tectonic shift of consciousness on all levels and in all aspects of life. Make sure you are prepared! Subscribe to Lada's blogs, SM and Patreon, to stay ahead of the curve and to learn the REAL DEAL! ** Main sites: - ALL WORK, BOOKS, FREEBIES, BUY WEBINARS & REPORTS! ** LRP: Join long-term monthly subscription: - regular reports and articles, advanced intel, analysis, predictions ** Twitter @Ladatweets ** Blogs: - geopolitics and predictions - huge archives LadaRay/ - books, writing, world cultures - big archives ** YouTube: Lada Ray Channel

Posted on September 30, 2014, in Geopolitical Trends, Ukraine and tagged , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. 17 Comments.

  1. So many people with so many wildly diverging hopes and opinions. I feel there is no solution except that the last few people standing will take over and be the new leadership, whoever they are. God is truly a dead diety. We are on our own.


  2. This poor Russian liberal. He seems so pathetic and depressed. He’s pessimistic about Russia and his love affair with the Kiev “revolutionaries” has gone sour. And just think that liberals like Gaidar were in charge of the Russian economy in the 90’s. It’s a miracle that Russia didn’t totally collapse with jerks like these in power.

    By the way there’s a real good hypothetical possible coup by the nazis in Kiev being concocted by the west. You can find it at Joaquin has the entire scenario down pat.

    Thanks Lada. You’re doing a great service. Boy your site is great. I learn so many things from your posts. I’m looking forward to your next poscast.


  3. Even the Novarussians acknowledge the barbarities of the Ukro-nazis are beyond the worst of anything Hitler’s forces inflicted during WWII. The sad truth is that Russian Bolshevik atrocities against the german peoples far exceeded any reciprocal treatment from the germans. Hitler is the most maligned man in history; thanks to the continuing psyop to keep the german people and the rest of the MSM infected world under the control of the Hollywood and international jew. Of course the narrative is congenial to control of the mind of the masses, otherwise why would Putin allow the holocaust lie to persist by promoting the largest holoHOAX museum to be established in Moscow? Perhaps it is simple political expedience to do so to keep your friends close – but the enemy even “closer”. However, It’s time to face reality, not erect yet another fence around a demonstrable farce. Even Hitler feared the Ukro-NAZIS. And I have both Ukranian and Russian blood flowing in my heritage; too.


    • You mean Hitler was a sweet pussy cat, who never attacked Russia, while evil Bolsheviks killed 27 million Russian and other Soviet people between 1941 and 1945, and then lied that it was all the poor innocent Hitler’s fault? Bolshevik atrocities against Germans… huh? Oh, dear…
      Because obviously German Nazis committed no atrocities whatsoever and they were maligned for no reason at all. Do you even know what you’ve written?

      Where did you grow up, dear? Half Russian, half Ukrainian? And you mean to tell me your grandma or grandpa never told you stories of how they were bombed, their city occupied by German troops, how people died, were wounded, tortured, shipped off to concentration camps during WWII? See, I heard tons of stories like that from my family and friends, and I’ve seen the veterans’ wounds. And in my family people lost lives during that war. That’s something that is very hard to deny.
      Stories by those veterans who are still alive in Russia are told even today. So, how come you haven’t heard any? That’s strange, to say the least. I am just curious: where does one have to grow up, if he’s Russian with a name like Kostya to boot, to not have heard such stories? Please do enlighten me.

      Unfortunately, you demonstrate the same ignorance and twisted understanding of history as those who I have described in this post. A sense of history and continuity of heritage seems to be lost on younger generation.
      I don’t even know why I am allowing your comment… Perhaps to demonstrate to other readers how brainwashing works, because make no mistake – this is an example of brainwashing, just of a different kind.

      When you say things such as these, nothing else you ever say will be trusted, dear.

      Liked by 2 people

      • We understand history is written by the victors. Hitler’s troops acted atrociously against many opponents, of which Russians may rightly identify to suffer predominant claim. But Hitler didn’t hate Russians (he had 90,000 serving in his own forces together with as just many jews in his ranks), he hated communism; the current Ukro-nazis have not been solely indoctrinated to vehemently hate their own slavic peoples by Hitler’s former aspirations, but by the self-confessed destabilizing operation financed by the US state department – to the tune of 5 billion dollars. That buys a lot of hate. I know you wish to remain upbeat but I suggest you examine your own programming before making assertions as to what you believe my indoctrination may or may not be. I believe I have deprogrammed myself adequately to appreciate arguments outside of the constraints of any politically correct avenue. My views follow more closely that of the work of arguably the most knowledgeable WWII historian alive, David Irving. I don’t know it all (history) but I intend to examine it all eventually. I know you will not wish to publish replies that include links to outside sources, but for your own complete edification you may choose to examine the following…

        Rodina is easily mishandled – and it is pitiful that sometimes we so easily allow that to occur for inadvertently making the argument of our enemies on their behalf.

        Forgiveness misplaced will bight you back at a later stage. All will exposed and it’s only facts that will remain.

        Liked by 1 person

        • Why not, I will publish this. Thank you for your opinion. I’ll let people make their own conclusions.

          I am familiar with this line of reasoning, and the problems here are obvious to me. One is: by absolving Hitler of all responsibility YOU are the one practically justifying ukro-nazis, not me.
          Another, no dear, Hitler was Anglophile and Russophobe. It is very well documented that his plan was to exterminate all Russians, and Serbs, by the way, as he considered them the best manifestation of the Slavic culture. There was also the issue of religion as for Western branches(Catholics, Protestants) Orthodoxy was always used as red to a bull for their populations, to demonstrate that Russians are different, therefore justifying invasions/looting/killing. Same is happening today in Ukraine.

          This goes much, much deeper in history than you may realize. Since you are into YT, do a search for Vedic Rus, Great Tartaria, Vedic Arian Rus symbols – vedicheskie simvoli, Vedic/Slavic runes. Hitler was no slouch in history and he early on knew how powerful the subtle influence of the Slavic worldview was. He also knew that Russia (and Serbia, btw) had serious historic claims on German territories that were simply never enforced.
          Germans in fact are also ancient Slavs, at least in big part. We all in Europe-Eurasia are one people. This is why he usurped swastika – originally a Vedic Arian Rus symbol. If you really are into truth, then you will find many videos in Russian that are quite enlightening.
          My problem with the Vedics is that they are also into blame and pointing fingers. Instead of uniting people as they should and could, they manage to divide, which is a pity and a dead end. That’s why their views haven’t received more traction, and that’s why I don’t talk about them as much as I could. Because I look for ways to unite, not divide, you see.

          I did talk about these things a bit in some of my articles – under Mysteries of Linguistics category, and interviews. If you stick around, you may hear more in the future.

          Yes, Hitler was ‘sicked’ on Russia and manipulated by US/UK. But something like this was only possible because Hitler and those Germans who followed him, had predisposition for doing what they did. No matter how much one is pushed towards a war, if one doesn’t want to be aggressive no one will make them do it. Hitler was the one to give orders.

          Finally, for the benefit of those who may hear me, such opinion as Kostya’s above results from the same thing as the opposite view described in this post, and occurs in people with the preponderance of the fire element in their system, as we say in the East (of the world, that is). It is an imbalance as all elements should be balanced and properly harmonized. Unfortunately, such imbalance is in abundance in today’s world.

          Be well


    • Sorry guys… am a tad lost here… what does it mean “…why would Putin allow the holocaust lie to persist by promoting the largest holoHOAX museum to be established in Moscow?…”?
      Is it this: ?


      • You have to ask Kostya. I am as much at a loss as you are.
        Some people go too far in their anti-semitism, if you know what I mean, to the point of denying the obvious. Apparently Kostya never got the chance to visit Aushwitz. I did.
        Kostya obviously thinks that holocaust is a lie.


      • Probably this memorial.
        I think Poklonnaya Gora is a great and highly calibrated place. It has a very special feel to it.
        All kinds of concerts, gatherings and manifestations are also held there. There are monuments there as well.
        The Poklonnaya Gora memorial is dedicated to the Great War – WWII – and is supposed to symbolize the unity of the Russian culture, regardless of religion. Orthodox religion is the main one, but Jews and Muslims are also large minorities in Russia. Many Jews and Muslims also fought and gave their lives in that war. Therefore, they are commemorated and remembered through a sacred connection to their respective religion.
        Many Russian Jews moved to Israel, but they still feel a strong connection to Russia, hence Israel’s participation.


  4. I loved this letter–I just don’t know who to share it with. Most of the people I deal with think anything pro-Russian is pure propaganda, and do not take into account the many times in the past decade America has lied.
    The Arch Druid discusses fascism on his blog from time to time, so that might be a place to link to this letter.
    (BTW I saw your post of the year of the snake. Lovely photos! You were going to post something more about the dragon, and when you do, I’ll share my experiences at Baikal.)

    Liked by 1 person

  5. As usual, Lada Ray, your material is just so revealing.
    Sincerely, thanks.
    In all honesty, if it wasn’t for your reports here on this site, personally, I’d be a much much much more ignorant person concerning matters of Ukraine, Russia, etc..
    Perish the thought!
    Keep up the incredible work you are doing.
    In fact, you are doing a great service to all “seekers of truth” on this planet.
    I think I speak for many when I say we have come to rely on your brilliant reporting in order to get reliable info on the issues in question.
    I hope Russian people are reading your info here too – granted, many of them perhaps do not know the English language. But it’s so important that they understand how raggedy everything has become in “the west” and the phenomenal “energy” that Russia and Russians represent nowadays.
    Hope Mr. V. Putin reads your work too 😉


  1. Pingback: Lada Ray Updates 3 of 3, 9-30-14… “The Ugly Mask of Fascism in Ukraine 2: Letter From a Russian Liberal” | Kauilapele's Blog

  2. Pingback: The Ugly Mask of Fascism in Ukraine 1: Urge to Destroy | Futurist Trendcast

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